NW Coast Travel guide, 1828.


From F.P. Wrangles journal, 1828, published in 1839 as Russian American Statistical and Ethnographic Information.

It's now safe from Koliuzh [Tlingit] attacks.

When travelling in these places, there is now nothing to fear from the Koliuzh. In [A.P. Lazarev's] recent "Voyage Round the World", these people are described as being extremenly dangerous. The author says, "...the Koliuzh never let slip the opportunity to kill a Russian, and an encounter with one Koliuzh in the forest is as dangerous as an encounter with the wildest animal...".

The Koliuzh no longer dare to attach Russians travelling by boat, nor do they lay ambushes in the forests; this is true today, and so far as I am aware has been true for the last ten years. Daily, small parties of workers are sent into the forest to fell trees or to burn charcoal; daily boats are prepared for fishing and Aleuts hunt deer; but although they meet Koliuzh boats frequently, there is no unpleasantness. In short, we can say with assurance that we do not now have anything to fear from the Koliuzh.

In the aformentioned work, everything said in connection witht he governor's overtures to the Koluzh before the beginning of the hunting season expressed a concern "... to make conditions as favorable as possible by polite and friendly dealings, or, as not seldom happens, end these humilating transactions by distributing presents." All this, I say does not refer to the present time. It fell to the then manager (1823) to explain the course of these humiliating negotiations. They are now quite foreign to us.

The Koliuzh do, of course, congregate in the colony, sometimes in appreciable numbers, particularly while they are preparing caviar and salting; their toions (leaders) are invited by the manager and entertained in his house, but in the colonies we now know nothing of any overtures before the beginning of the hunt, nor of any native threat, nor of any pressing demands from them.



To Bruce Hallman's home page.